From getting a blood transfusion. Touch, hug or kiss a person who is HIV positive. Use a breath mint instead. It is clear that oral sex involves much less risk than anal or vaginal sex. Separate multiple addresses with a comma. Look after your mouth.
If you would like to discuss these issues, ask to see a health adviser, or other health professional, at your HIV treatment centre or sexual health clinic. In the United States, sexual contact is the most common way that HIV is passed from person to person. Transgender women are at a 40 times higher risk for HIV, and latest data show about 1 in 4 transgender women are living with HIV. Share toilets, telephones or clothing with a person who is HIV positive. When sharing sex toys, use separate toys or wash thoroughly before using on a second person. It is possible to get other sexually transmitted infections or diseases STIs or STDs , such as syphilis, herpes, gonorrhea, and human papilloma virus HPV through unprotected oral sex. HIV is not passed on in saliva — there have been no transmissions involving someone with HIV performing oral sex. If you are living with HIV, taking HIV treatment as prescribed, so that you maintain an undetectable viral load is the most effective way of preventing HIV being passed on. Please enter the email address. If you have poor oral health this risk may be high. HIV has also been found in extremely low, non-infectious amounts in other fluids saliva, tears and urine ; but no transmissions through these fluids have been reported to the CDC. Oral sex will therefore be more risky around the time of menstruation. Second, cisgender women and trans MSM have a much larger surface area of mucosal tissue—the lining of both the vagina and cervix can chafe easily and is rich in immune cells that can be infected by HIV. There are a few reasons for this. Recent research has shown that people living with HIV who take HIV drugs and whose viral load is undetectable too low to be found with standard tests cannot pass the virus on to their sexual partners even during unprotected sex. When HIV is spread, it is difficult to tell if it was the oral sex or another, more risky, sexual activity that was responsible for transmitting HIV. For services worldwide, please use aidsmap's e-atlas. The other factor that makes a big difference to the potential risk of HIV transmission from oral sex is the viral load of the person living with HIV. Oral sex may not be risk-free, but it has been shown to be much less risky than the activities described above. HIV is not passed on through exposure to saliva alone, so a person with HIV performing oral sex on someone who is HIV negative is not considered to be a transmission risk. Share forks, spoons, knives or drinking glasses with a person who is HIV positive. The risk of HIV being passed on during oral sex centres on fluid containing HIV semen, vaginal fluid or blood finding a way into the bloodstream of an HIV-negative person via the mouth or throat, which is more likely if there is inflammation, or cuts or sores present. Adapted from article written by LM Arnal Like. The situations discussed below assume that the person living with HIV is not undetectable. This does not mean the person is cured of HIV, and if they stopped taking treatment their viral load would go back up.
Video about contracting hiv risk factor oral sex:
Sex Tips: 3 Health Risks Of Oral Sex You Should Not Ignore (Risks Of Oral Sex)
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